Basic first aid – a succor at the time of medical emergency Reviewed by Momizat on . Herbal Chikitsa Imagine a situation in which a person is badly in need of medical care, but no doctor is available at hand to attend to his/her medical needs in Herbal Chikitsa Imagine a situation in which a person is badly in need of medical care, but no doctor is available at hand to attend to his/her medical needs in Rating: 0
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Basic first aid – a succor at the time of medical emergency

Basic first aid – a succor at the time of medical emergency

Herbal Chikitsa

Imagine a situation in which a person is badly in need of medical care, but no doctor is available at hand to attend to his/her medical needs instantly. Under such circumstances you need to keep the patient breathing till the arrival of the doctor. In such a situation, the basic first aid techniques come in handy.

Through first aid you can not only keep a person in distress breathing but also reduce his pain and minimise the consequences of injury or sudden illness until an ambulance arrives.

First aid is emergency care which cuts the chances aggravation of a condition and death. A first aid course stands you in good stead in recognising an emergency and giving basic first aid until professional help arrives.

DRSABCD method

ABC is the mantra of first aid – ‘A’ stands for airway, ‘B’ for breathing and ‘C’ for CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The DRSABCD Action Plan can be applied for any situation of medical emergecy.

DRSABCD stands for Danger, Response, Send for help, Airway, Breathing, CPR and Defibrillator. Let’s analyse what these terms stand for.

Danger: It means perceive the danger you or your fellow traveler is in. It can be anybody, a bystander, your neighbor or a colleague who is need of emergency medical care due to injury or ill health.

Response: Check whether the person in question is conscious enough to respond to your communication, your touch.

Send an SoS:  The moment you make sure the person in question is conscious and responding to your interaction and can survive call emergency services without losing time. Time is very important under such situation as it is a matter of life and death. Don’t forget to give a detailed account of the condition of patient to the operator at the other end.

Airway: Make sure the airway of the patient is clear. That means he Is the breathing.

If the person is responding, conscious and his airway is clear, assess how you can help him – if he is injured, how you can stop bleeding, and if he is ill how you provide him basic medication.

In case the patient is not responding or is unconscious, check his airway. This you can do by looking inside his mouth. If his mouth is clear, tilt his head gently back by lifting his chin to ensure that he is breathing. In case his mouth is not clear, move him on his side and clear the contents before tilting the head back to check breathing.

Breathing: Look for up-and-down chest movement to check if he is breathing. Hold your ear close to his mouth and nose to hear his breathing rhythm. You can also feel breathing movement with your hand on the lower part of chest. Suppose he is breathing but is unconscious, turn him to his side without disturbing his head, neck and spine in alignment. Keep monitoring breathing till the arrival of ambulance or a medical practitioner.

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation): In case of an unconscious and breathless person, make him lie on his back flat before pressing one of your hand in the centre of chest and the other on top. This should be down gently firmly. Repeat the act 30 times compressing one-third of chest depth to make him regain his respiration.

Tilt his head back gently by lifting chin so that the person gets breath in. Closing nostrils you can blow air into his mouth. Keep up the 30 compressions and two breaths at the pace of approximately five repeats in two minutes.

Defibrillator: For unconscious and breathless adults, an automated external defibrillator (AED) is of great help if available. An AED is a device that gives electrical shock to cancel irregular heart beat (arrhythmia) and restore normal heart beat.

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