Unani – The Royal Therapy Reviewed by Momizat on . Herbal Chikitsa Unani medicine is an ancient Greek medicine that has evolved in Muslim world over 13 centuries. Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning G Herbal Chikitsa Unani medicine is an ancient Greek medicine that has evolved in Muslim world over 13 centuries. Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning G Rating: 0
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Unani – The Royal Therapy

Unani – The Royal Therapy

Herbal Chikitsa
Unani medicine is an ancient Greek medicine that has evolved in Muslim world over 13 centuries. Unani is an Arabic spelling of Ionian, meaning Greek). It was Greek philosopher Hippocrates (460-377 BC) who freed the medicine from the realm of superstition and magic, and gave it a status of science.

The theory of Unani medicinal system has the foundation and teachings of Hippocrates. After Hippocrates a number of other scholars updated the system, like Galen (131-210 AD). After which it was further undulated by Physicians like Rhazes (850-925 AD) andAvicenna (980-1037 AD)

This system of medicine imbibed the best of contemporary systems of traditional medicine in Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Persia, India, China, Other middle and Far East countries.

When Unani embedded in Indian cuture?

Unani system of medicine was introduced to India by Arabs and soon it set its roots in Indian soil. It was Mongols who brought scholars and physicians of Unani medicine along with them. Emperors, sultans and Khiljis provided patronage and enrolled them as state employees and court physicians.The Best time of Unani medicine in India was 13th to 17th century.

The contributions of Ali Geelani, Akbar Arzani, sadruddin Damashqi were valuable. The Unani physicians were not familiar with Indian drugs. Thus the clinical trials on Indian medicine further enriched Unani system of medicine.
The British rule was a nightmare for Unani system as government patronage was withdrawn. It was mainly sharifi family in Delhi, Azizi in Lucknow and Nizam in hyderabad whose efforts did not let this system die.

The outstanding knowledge of Hakim Ajmal Khan (1868-1927) marked the presence of Unani system of medicine in the Indian history. The Unani medical system flourished in Persia and India simultaneously. Today, it is especially strong in Pakistan.
The Unani system is called Hikmat or Unani Tibb. Its practitioners are called Hakims. Humors – the base of Unani system
The Humoral Theory (AKHLAT)
This Humoral Theory explains the presence of four humors. DAM (blood)-Hot and moist, BALGHAM (phlegm) – Cold and moist, SAFRA (yellow bile) – Hot & dry and SAUDA (black bile) – cold & dry
The above four humors are the base of this theory. Every person has the above humors in their body. But the unique humoral constitution sets them apart. The balance between the constitutions of the four humours makes a person healthy and the deviation or imbalance makes a person diseased.

The immunity to maintain a natural balance in the basic humours is called Quwwat-e-Mudabbira (medication nature) in the body.
If this adjustment breaks down the disease is must to happen.
All the medicines, used in this system help the body to regain the body immunity power, so as to restore humoral balance along with the correct diet and digestion.

What is unique about Unani system?

(1) Existence of Pneumas
(2) Holistic approach
(3) Herbal treatment
(4) Psychological dimensions
(5) Qualitative action of weather conditions.

1. The diagnosis is mainly relied on the pulse reading (Nabz reading) Hakims can assess the pulse and guide
I. Which humour is imbalanced
II. Nature of imbalance
III. Organs affected

2. Baul (urine) examination
I. Colour
II. Temperature
III. Nature

3. Baraz (stool) examination.
I. Colour
II. Consistency
III. Amount
IV. Infective
• Types of treatment

1. Regiminal Therapy
2. Ilaj-bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy)
3. Ilab-bil-Dawa (Pharmaco-therapy)
4. Ilaj-bil-yad (Surgery)

This therapy includes-
• Fasd (venesection)
Error! Not a valid link.his treatment is done by taking out excess of blood (impure blood).It can be done in diseases like Hyper tension, Toxicity, Amenorrhea.
• Mahajim( cupping)
It is done in skin diseases, Liver disorders, excessive menstrual disorders, piles, malaria.
• Tariq (sweating)
Dry Wet
It is for the diseases of Heart, liver and Lungs. Turkish Hamams are one the examples of wet bath.
• Idrar-e-baul (Diuresis)
Poison cases
Waste products elimination
• Dalak (Message)
It is done for skin disorders, pain related disorders.
• Kai (Cauterization)
• Ishal (Purging)
For Digestive disorders. These are used as laxatives.
• Qai (Vomitting)
Tonsillitis, bronchopneumonia, bronchial asthama, mental disorders.
• Riyazat – (Exercise)
For maintaining physique and health.
• Taleeq (Leeching)
The Blood disorders, baldness, ringworm.
Dieto Therapy
In this therapy the diet alterations are made according to the health of patients. Sometimes the weakness of certain organs is corrected by taking some particular kind of food. And Sometimes the patient is advised to completely leave food.
In Pharmacotherapy drugs of natural origin are used.

  1. Plant
  2. Animal
  3. Mineral

Drugs of single origin
• Safuf (Powder farm)
• Haboob (pills)
• Ques (Tablets)
• Kushtajat (oxides)
• Sharbat (Syrups)
• Majun, Itrefal, Khamirajat (Pastes)

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