Hospitals under AYUSH systems of medicine Reviewed by Momizat on . Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy have a proven record of treating common and chronic diseases. To make the benefits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy have a proven record of treating common and chronic diseases. To make the benefits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Rating: 0
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Hospitals under AYUSH systems of medicine

Hospitals under AYUSH systems of medicine

Indian System of Medicine and Homoeopathy have a proven record of treating common and chronic diseases. To make the benefits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Yoga & Naturopathy and Homoeopathy) available to the public at large, adequate number of AYUSH healthcare units (hospitals and dispensaries) need to be established across the country. This will help the public exercise their choice in accessing the health services.

Here is an overall picture of AYUSH Hospitals existing in the country as well as in States/Union territories as on April 1, 2012, and also the bed strength of AYUSH Hospitals.
There has been a significant rise in the healthcare facilities under AYUSH over the years. AYUSH hospitals and their bed capacity as on April 1, 2014 stood at 3,195 and 58,321 respectively for all the systems. There was a preponderance of Ayurveda hospitals, as 75.8 per cent hospitals and 75.0 per cent beds pertain to this system exclusively. Unani, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy and Homoeopathy account for remaining 24.2 per cent hospitals in the country.
The existing AYUSH hospitals in India have been further categorised by their ownership status, where 1.3 per cent hospitals were under the control of ‘CGHS and Central Government Organizations’ and 89.0 per cent hospitals were being managed by the State Governments and Union Territories directly. 9.4 per cent hospitals fall under ‘others’ category and only 0.4 per cent hospitals were being managed by local bodies.
On an average an annual growth rate of 6.5 per cent was recorded in AYUSH hospitals during 1980 to 2012. Average annual growth rates of 7.3 per cent, 8.5 per cent, 4.1 per cent and 3.3 per cent has been observed in the hospitals of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy respectively during 1980-2012. Maximum annual increase of 38.2 per cent and 44.2 per cent were registered in 1981-82 and 1980-81 in case of Siddha and Homoeopathy hospitals respectively.
An annual growth rate of 2.6 per cent was recorded on an average in the bed strength of AYUSH hospitals during 1991 – 2012. The maximum annual growth rate of 36.9 per cent was registered in the bed strength of AYUSH hospitals in 1999-2000. Average annual growth rates of 3.0 per cent, 1.1 per cent, 3.3 per cent, and 0.9 per cent has been observed in the bed strengths of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy hospitals respectively since 1991.
The maximum annual growth rates of 46.3 per cent, 20.3 per cent , 27.6 per cent, 25.0 per cent and 28.0 per cent in the bed strengths of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homoeopathy and Amchi hospital were registered in the years 1999-2000, 1995-96, 1995-96, 1999-2000 and 2002-03 respectively. Average number of beds per AYUSH hospital has increased from 13.1 in 1991 to 18.3 in 2012.
Average number of beds per hospital of Ayurveda, and Homoeopathy has increased from 11.5 and 23.2 in 1991 to 18.1 and 36.1 respectively in 2012. The in-patient capacity (number of beds) per crore populations of AYUSH hospitals has increased from 405.0 in 1991 to 472.9 in 2012. The in¬patient capacities per crore population of Ayurveda, and Siddha hospitals has increased from 280.0 and 14.2 in 1991 to 354.5 and 19.2 respectively in 2012. The in-patient capacity per crore population of Amchi hospitals were 0.3 in both the years 1991 and 2012.
Barring 40 hospitals existing under the control of ‘CGHS & Central Government Organizations’, there were 3,155 hospitals with 56,613 beds in India, which were under the jurisdiction of state governments and Union territories. Of these, 62.9 per cent hospitals with 20.2 per cent beds were in the UP, providing medical facilities to 16.5 per cent population of India. Similarly, 8.5 per cent hospitals with 4.0 per cent bed strength exist in Tamil Nadu serving 5.9 per cent of Populationfor medical treatment under these hospitals. Besides these two states, the states having higher or equivalent proportion of hospitals or bed strength in comparison to their population were Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh,Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Chandigarh. There were only two hospitals each in the States/ UTs of Goa, Jammu Kashmir, Nagaland, Tripura and Chandigarh, whereas, a single hospital existed in the Sikkim and Puducherry. The union territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep State also were devoid of any AYUSH hospital.
Ayurveda hospitals were spread over 28 states and Union territories. The spread of hospitals all over the country was not found to be uniform, where UP had nearly three-fourth of Ayurveda hospitals. However, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep were devoid of any Ayurveda hospital.
Homoeopathy hospitals prevailed in 28 states with maximum of 21.8 per cent hospitals (with 22.6 per cent bed capacity) in Maharashtra, whereas states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Punjab and Union territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Lakshadweep and Puducherry were devoid of Homoeopathy hospitals.
Unani hospitals existed in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, UP, Uttarakhand and West Bengal.
81.6 per cent of the total Unani hospitals with 29.5 per cent bed capacity existed in the state of UP only. In case of Siddha, hospitals existed only in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and A&N Island. 98.9 per cent Siddha hospitals with 92 per cent bed strength existing in Tamil Nadu only. Yoga hospitals prevailed in Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Maximum of 42.9 per cent Yoga hospital with 17.2 per cent of bed strength existed in Karnataka. Naturopathy hospitals existed Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala Manipur and Rajasthan with a maximum of 54.5 per cent hospitals with 35.0 per cent bed strength in Manipur.
Average number of AYUSH hospitals and bed strengths were 26 and 460 per crore population respectively in the country. States and union territories having more than 40 hospitals per crore population on average were Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Manipur, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. States having less than five hospitals per crore population were Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal.
States and Union territories having more than 800 beds per one crore population were Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur and Chandigarh. States and Union territories having less than 100 beds per one crore population were Assam, Jammu & Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura and Puducherry. There were only fifteen states/ union territories, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, West Bengal and Chandigarh having on an average more than 50 beds per hospital in the country.

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